Syros: Civilization Syros

Civilization Syros: Civilization of the island of Syros, Greece, Cyclades

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Syros Civilization: Information about the Civilization of Syros

"Syros" is known from around 2700 BC to 2300 BC. If we turn from prehistoric to historical times, we at once note the presence here of the Ionians too. In the 6th century BC, Syros was a flourishing island. After the Persian Wars, Syros was an ally of the Athenians. Then it followed the rule of the Macedonians, the Romans and the Byzantines. From 1207 the island passed through the hands of many Venetian masters before finally falling to the Turks in 1537. From that period the island followed the history of the other Cycladic islands until its liberation. The Archaeological Museum of Syros, founded in 1835, is one of the oldest in Greece. In 1899, the Municipality of Ermoupolis offered some rooms of the Town Hall, a building designed by Ernst Ziller, for the exhibition of antiquities, and since then, the museum has been housed there. The museum includes the following collections: Prehistoric finds from the fortified settlement at Kastri and the cemetery at Chalandriani, dated to the Early Bronze Age (3rd millenium B.C.). Finds from the ancient city of Syros and other sites of the Cyclades.



Syros has been one of the Cycladic Civilization centers. It has been inhabited since the Neolithic years and there are archaeological finds that date back to the start of the Neolithic Age around 3000 BC. Homer reports that two cities thrived in the whole island; Phoenice and Posidonia. The island developed an important civilization in the 6th century BC. According to the ancient mythology the protector of the island was the god Pan. During the Persian Wars Syros took sides with the Persians, but later on became a member of the alliance of Athens. Syros was conquered by the Macedonians during the Hellenistic period and then became a part of the Roman empire in the 1st century, and thus prospered in comparison to the other Cycladic islands, until the Byzantin period, the age of the island's great downfall. In the 13th century the Venetians conquered it and built the medieval town of Ano Syros. Before 1821 the seashore had been deserted and the only place that was inhabited was Ano Syros. After the declaration of the Greek Revolution the island came under French protection and became a safe shelter for many refugees from every place in Greece. Because of the privileged position of the port, it soon became one of the most commercially powerful towns of Greece.

Ermoupolis is one of the most important towns of the Aegean Sea. It is built in an amphitheatrical way with neoclassical mansions. The Miaoulis Place, where the town hall was built under the plans of the architect Ziller in 1876-1881, are worth mensioning. The public theatre "Apollon" that is a micrography of the fabled Scalla of Milan, the church of the Christ's Transfiguration (Metamorphosis), and the church of His Ressurection (Anastasis) by the hill are quite important places to visit. Finally, the Conjectural Cycladic Center, the village of Posedonia that was named after the second greatest town of the island of Posedonia, which is also named Delagrazia after the small church of Virgin Mary (Madona Dela Grazia), is another notable place of Syros.










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Syros: Civilization Syros