Rhodes history: Information about the history of Rhodes, Greek islands
Rhodes or else Heliousa is an island rich with myths and restless history. Ruler of all the islands of the Aegean Sea for a very long period of time.
Its continuously growing economy from commerce (with a monopoly in the
Mediterranean Sea and the Euxine Pontos Sea) and its connection with
the whole world, had led, some of the largest cities such as Lindos-
and Ialyssos to create their own currency during the 6th century B.C. in
order to make the transactions with the island easier.
491 B.C. during the revolting of the Ionian cities and for a long
period of time the Persians tried to conquer it: without managing it.
the Median wars, Rhodes joined with the A΄ Athenian alliance (478-477
B.C.) and participated also with the B΄ Athenian Alliance (377 B.C.),
which was dissolved after the Alliance war. In
the middle of 4th century B.C. a new force was present in the Greek
area. A new power, the Macedonians, originally ruled by Phillip the 2nd
and later by Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.).
After his death the Greek cities started reacting, so thus Rhodes
managed to overthrow the Macedonian Rule. They denied alliances and
they tried with an independent politic to maintain the normal flow of
commerce and shipping of the island. At 305 B.C., Dimitrios the
conqueror attacks Rhodes, conquering it for a year. The Rhodians resist
with Existero in charge and win the rival fleet. Finally they came to
an agreement making . This made Rhodes stronger amongst the strongest
of that time. After the massive natural disasters that almost fully
destroyed the island, comes the Roman Empire to undergrade her to a
Roman suburb and later to include her to the Eastern Roman empire.
the Middle Ages and after the 4th Crusade, the islands fell under the
reign of the Unitians . except for Rhodes, which was declared
independent. The island does not stay in this condition for long; it is
conquered by Genoaites and later falls in the hands of "Knights of
Rhodes". The Knights petalion rules the island for 213 years, when it
falls under the Ottoman reign, with a lot of outrageous incidents
the Balkan wars the Rhodians fell under the rule of Italians but after
the Treaty of Losanne (1912) the island had to surrender to the Turks.
several public polls and protests, it was decided that the Dodecanese
be handed over to Greece except from Rhodes, but at 1923 Italy became
again the ruler of the Dodecanese. Later
during 1943 after the arrest of Mussolini, Mandolio took over the
government- and came to an agreement with the Allies. The Germans
though captured Rhodes until 1945 when they retreated leaving it with a
massive negative effects in its economy. The time had finally come for the island of the Sun God to return to
the ones that it rightfully belongs to, the Greeks.
Related topics: excursions