Naxos is a crossing for archeologist, historians, students, artists and folklore scientists. From the beginning of the 20th century until the 21st, in Naxos have worked many archeologist from Greek and foreign universities.
The scientists believe that the importance of Naxos was abolishing for the history of Cyclades and for the entire Greece.
Naxos was self-sufficient about its goods because of its central position, its size and its natural resources. For this reason, Pindaros call it "liparan" ( = fatty). From antiquity were known its fruits, oil and wine. Its wine is compared to nectar of the Gods.
It is said that Zeus brought up in Naxos. Apollo was being worshiped as florist. Mars has been chased and for this, he took refuge in the island. Dionysus was related to Naxos too. In Naxos was married to Ariadnes, after her abandonment from Theseus. The death and the resurrection of Ariadnes were being celebrated in the island symbolizing the rebirth of nature.
The first inhabitants of Naxos considered being Thracians that dominated two hundred years in the island. Later, came the Kares. They came from Asia Minor having as their leader Naxos who gave his name to the island.