Aegina covers an area
of 85 square kilometers, a population 11,270 and lies at distance
of 17 nautical miles from Piraeus. The present day harbor
is the ancient city's commercial harbor. Today it is a busy,
noisy meeting place of picturesque fishermen selling the day's
catch and grocers, from whom you can buy fresh fruit and vegetables.
Next to the harbor is the ancient town's military harbor,
which some people have identified it with the naval port.
road by the seaside is off limits to vehicles on
summer nights. The souvenir shops are busy at all
hours of the day. Outstanding, among the island's
original gift items, are the traditional water -
jugs, which are used to carry and keep water cool.
in the area of the port, is the chapel of Agios
Nikolaos Thalassinos. Towards the inner land, there
lies a town with some old neo-classical mansions,
which have been restored and are now rented to visitors.
In Sp. Rodi Street stands the island's Museum of History and
Folklore, which holds interesting exhibitions on the island's
traditional life, as well as art exhibitions, lectures and
Close by the church
of Agios Nikolaos stands one of the island's oldest medieval
buildings, the Tower of Marcellus. Nowadays it is used as
an exhibition hall. Behind the tower is the old Liberopoulos
home. When Aegina became the first capital of modern Greece
it has also became the social center of the era. When Palea
Hora was destroyed and the capital was moved back to the harbor
town, one of the island's loveliest churches was erected,
the Metropolis, which was built in 1806. Another building
dating from Kapodistrias' era is the rectangular building
of the Orphanage, behind the Saronikos playing - field, a
huge edifice for its time.
leading towards Agios Nektarios passes from the
rather unconventional Church of Faneromeni. On the
other side of town, on Kolona hill, stands Aegina's
prehistoric town. The first inhabitants of the area
settled there around 3000 BC and the site was not
abandoned for 2000 years, in spite of the numerous
attacks the inhabitants had to face. The last town
was built on the borders of the island's present
day capital and was fortified with walls.
During the 4th century AD, all of the temples, and Apollo's
temple as well, were pulled down as symbols of idolatry. In
its place, a large building with a water tank was built.
Archaeological Museum has been closed for some time for repairs.
Many graves, most of them hewed out of rocks have been found
in the area around the town. Kolona's beach is a wonderful
place to swim, as well as the small sandy bays, which are
formed along the seaside road. The seaside road that leads
to Plakakia passes in front of the Wild Animal Treatment Center,
which cares for animals and birds.
Worth visiting is the
chapel of Agii Theodori, also known as Omorfi Eklissia, on
the outskirts of town. A short distance to the south, in the
Asomati area, stands the "Red Castle" known as the home of
the English Historian G. Finley.